Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review <p>Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review has been established in 2021 by Multidisciplinary Publishing Institute Pakistan [MDPIP] is a multidisciplinary journal research in public health, health services management, health informatics, and many more related disciplines. It is a bi-annual journal publishing 2-issues with a broad-spectrum Blind Peer-Review and Open Access policy. The journal is internationally indexed. MDPIP Journals publishes Original Research Papers, Review Articles, Communications, Invited Reviews, Commentaries, and Research Notes that conform to the scope and editorial standards. To further the process, journal is using an Online Journal Management System. Authors are required to submit manuscripts online. The Journal follows APA format and references. It strictly follows the scientific research standards of WoS, Scopus, and HEC Pakistan for publication. </p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong> Professor Dr. Bahadar Shah</p> <p><strong>Executive Editor:</strong> Dr. Fahd M. Albejaidi</p> <p><strong>ISSN [online]: </strong> 2959-6203</p> <p><strong>ISSN [print]:</strong> 2959-619X</p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix: </strong>10.59644</p> <p><strong>MODE:</strong> OPEN ACCESS</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION FREQUENCY:</strong> BI-ANNUAL</p> <p><strong>ARTICLE PROCESSING TIME:</strong> AT LEAST FOUR WEEKS</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION POLICY:</strong> DESK REVIEW, EDITORIAL REVIEW, DOUBLE BLIND PEER REVIEW, ACCEPTANCE LETTER/ REJECTION LETTER</p> <p> </p> Multidisciplinary Publisishing Institute Pakistan en-US Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2959-619X Editorial Note from Editor-in-Chief <p>In the face of an ever-evolving healthcare landscape, public health and health administration have witnessed significant changes in recent times. These changes, driven by technological advancements, social dynamics, and global health challenges, have necessitated a proactive approach in addressing emerging issues. In this editorial, we delve into the recent changes impacting the field and highlight innovative solutions to effectively navigate these challenges.&nbsp;The field of public health and health administration is witnessing rapid changes that demand innovative solutions. Embracing technology, addressing social determinants of health, strengthening global health preparedness, and promoting health systems integration are crucial steps in adapting to these changes. By embracing these strategies, we can effectively navigate the evolving landscape, drive positive health outcomes, and ensure equitable access to quality healthcare for all. It is through collaborative efforts, research, and implementation of evidence-based practices that we can shape a healthier future for generations to come.</p> Dr. Bahadar Shah Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).57 An Assessment of the Consumer’s Knowledge and Attitude of Food Safety and Hygiene Practices <p>The modern countries of the World are ambitious to provide safe and hygienic food to their masses. For this purpose, they spend huge amounts of money on research and development of food safety and hygiene at production level. However, at consumer side, due attention is not paid, which may result in poor and unhygienic food handling practices by the people. This research paper aimed to hit the consumer side concerning food safety and hygiene practices. This research focused to study the ‘knowledge’, ‘attitude’, and ‘practice’ of food safety and hygiene at domestic level. For this purpose, a survey was conducted in Government Girls Degree College No.1, wherein the focus group was young female students studying in different programs. The primary data was collected by using an adaptive questionnaire from 188 students of which 180 questionnaires were found complete in all respect (response rate = 95.7%) and the same were used in data analysis. The results of Correlations show there is significant positive correlation of knowledge with attitude and practices. Similarly, the age, domicile, and subject play a major role in the ‘KAP’ study.</p> Afia Saadat Malik Muhammad Hashim Muhammad Siddique Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 1 9 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).35 Reporting Case Study Results for Neonatal Tetanus Case Investigations <p>Developing countries are facing numerous health challenges. One of the greatest challenges in this regards is the existence of neonatal tetanus disease. Dera Ismail Khan is educationally backward, and the majority of the population lives in rural areas without proper access to health facilities. This study was aimed to intestate the neonatal tetanus cases. Literature review was undertaken, which suggested the use of case approach; therefore, the study used a case method of investigation. The case setting was District Headquarters Zanana (Women) Hospital Dera Ismail Khan, which is the only mother-child hospital in the southern districts of DIKhan, Tank, and Waziristan. The study reported that Tetanus remains a significant public health concern in the areas, with a high mortality rate and a need for improved prevention and management efforts. The majority of tetanus cases in the area occur among unvaccinated individuals, particularly among those who have not received tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine as part of routine immunization. There are significant disparities in tetanus vaccination coverage by region and socioeconomic status, which contribute to the burden of tetanus in vulnerable populations. Improving tetanus vaccination coverage and strengthening surveillance and management systems are important steps to lessen the burden of tetanus in Pakistan.</p> Dr. Inayat Ullah Khan Minakhel Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 10 17 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).43 Saudi Vision 2030 and Physician’s Perception of Public-Private Partnerships in Healthcare <p>This research aimed to assess the existing level of awareness about PPPs among physicians’ at different levels of health care delivery system and their perception on the benefits and potential challenges in implementation of PPPs in Saudi health care system. The study collected information from a total number of 60 health professionals including consultants, specialists, residents and general practitioners who were working in public and private health facilities in Riyadh city. The analysis showed that only one-thirds of respondents had complete understanding of the features of PPPs. About 33% of them identified most of the principles of PPP, whereas 50% of them could identify at least three principles. More than 70% of respondents identified improving access to quality health care to population as one of the major benefits of PPPs. Nearly 60% of them also highlighted that focus of PPP arrangements should be for providing primary health care and emergency care to the citizen. A significant percentage of physicians’ also identified areas like specialist care, radiology services and other laboratory services as focus areas for PPP in Saudi Arabia. However, they perceived many challenges in implementing PPPs, significant of which includes lack of policy driven strategy for PPP and absence of appropriate institutional structure in managing PPPs. The study concludes that there exists a low level of awareness among physicians’ on various aspects of PPPs in health care. The study recommends the need for improving awareness about PPPs among physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians and allied health professionals in the Kingdom.</p> Saad Majed Aldawsari Mohammed Safar Alharbi Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 18 31 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).41 Investigating the Complications Associated with Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients through a Retrospective Case-Control Association Mechanism <p>The study aimed to find the complications associated with diabetic patients with its different parameters. This study is based on the retrospective case-control association, in which patients with Diabetes type II along other complications were the sample taken from different hospitals in Pakistan. They will undergo Diabetic examination whereas their medical records will be assessed carefully. The research has identified that diabetes mellitus is frequently found among the patients with cardiovascular syndromes with its frequency around 40% in KP and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. This proportion of diabetics among patients with cardiovascular diseases one out of every three is very high i.e., 1: 4. The study reported that Diabetes is more dominant among the female in comparison to the male. However, it is found that the cardiovascular risk is higher among the females. Similarly, study has identified 13.2% nephropathy in the diabetes patients; again, its prevalence was high in the females. The study found that foot ulcer is also found in the women i.e., 10% among diabetes patients. The study concludes to create awareness among patients for such complication. It could be helpful in early detection and prevention of such diseases because it will help improve the life of diabetic patients. This study was helpful to see the complications in the diabetic patients and help in its control. The objectives of this study included: Survey to Government General Hospital Faisalabad from Punjab and Government hospital of Dera Ismail Khan from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Enrollment of Diabetic patients type II from Punjab and KPK. Determine diabetes with its different types of risks and parameters in the patients.</p> Dr. Muhammad Siddique Dr. Syed Zulqarnain Mehdi Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 32 47 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).46 Examining the Effects of Pollution on Human Health in Developing Regions: A Descriptive Analyses <p>Pollution causes environmental damage i.e., air, water, and land inter alia noise through human activities. The change in the atmospherically patterns affect human health. This study aimed to examine the effect of pollution on human health from different perspectives. The population was comprised of all the teachers at public secondary schools of Dera Ismail Khan. A convenient sampling technique was used to take schools and simple random sampling was used to take respondents. Fifty teachers and fifty parents from secondary schools were the samples of the study. The study employed Likert scale to collect data. The data collection instruments comprised of two section i.e., demographic and items related to measurement of the impact of pollution on the human health. The instrument reliability and validity was examined through content validity and pilot study (Cronbach alpha). Descriptive statistics were used for data analyses. The study concluded that not proper cleanliness of the road affects human health, industrial wastage materials effect on human health, transportation noises from vehicles affect human health, Transportation noises from vehicles affect human listening ability, sleeping disorder developed through noise pollution, climate change due to pollution effect on human health, due to pollution human respiratory system affected.</p> Irfan Ullah Khan Nabila Bahadar Copyright (c) 2023 Open Access Public Health and Health Administration Review 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 48 58 10.59644/oaphhar.2(1).48