Open Access Organization and Management Review <p>Open Access Organization and Management Review has been established in 2021 by Multidisciplinary Publisishing Institute Pakistan [MDPIP] is a multidisciplinary journal. It is a bi-annual journal publishing 2-issues annually with a broad-spectrum Blind Peer-Review and Open Access policy. The journal is internationally indexed. MDPIP Journals publishes Original Research Papers, Review Articles, Communications, Invited Reviews, Commentaries, and Research Notes that conform to the scope and editorial standards. To further the process, journal is using an Online Journal Management System. Authors are required to submit manuscripts online. The Journal follows APA format and references. It strictly follows the scientific research standards of WoS, Scopus, and HEC Pakistan for publication. </p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:</strong> Dr. Robina Ghaffar</p> <p><strong>Executive Editor:</strong> Dr. Mohamad Nizam Bin Nazaruddin</p> <p><strong>ISSN [online]:</strong> 2959-622X</p> <p><strong>ISSN [print]:</strong> 2959-6211</p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix: </strong>10.59644</p> <p><strong>MODE:</strong> OPEN ACCESS</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION FREQUENCY:</strong> BI-ANNUAL</p> <p><strong>ARTICLE PROCESSING TIME:</strong> AT LEAST FOUR WEEKS</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION POLICY:</strong> DESK REVIEW, EDITORIAL REVIEW, DOUBLE BLIND PEER REVIEW, ACCEPTANCE LETTER/ REJECTION LETTER</p> <p> </p> en-US Wed, 05 Jun 2024 07:47:30 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial Note from Editor-in-Chief <p>In today's fast-paced and ever-evolving industrial landscape, the importance of academic research cannot be overstated. The synergy between academia and industry has the potential to drive innovation, enhance competitiveness, and address pressing societal challenges. However, there are several issues hindering the effective application of academic research in the industrial world. In this editorial essay, we will explore these issues, discuss the prospects of closer collaboration, and propose solutions to bridge the gap between academia and industry.&nbsp;The integration of academic research into the industrial world holds immense potential for driving innovation, economic growth, and societal progress. By addressing the issues, exploring the prospects, and implementing solutions to enhance collaboration between academia and industry, we can create a more dynamic and impactful research ecosystem that benefits both sectors and society as a whole. It is time to bridge the gap and unlock the transformative power of academic research in the industrial world.</p> Dr. Robina Ghaffar Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Thu, 05 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Deficit of Trust in Pakistan-Afghanistan Bilateral Relations: An Evaluation from a Security and Economic Perspective from 2001 to 2021 <p><span class="fontstyle0">At the crossroads of Central and Southern Asia lie two Muslim neighbors i.e., Pakistan and Afghanistan. Similarities in religion, culture, ethnicity, race, and history were predicted to cement the harmonious bilateral connection between the two countries. There have been a lot of obstacles to the development of positive relations between the two republics ever since they were established. Afghanistan's alone neighbor and a key commercial partner, Pakistan and the two countries have a difficult history despite Afghanistan's reliance on Pakistan's seaports and international trade. Tense relations began with the conflicts over the Durand line and Pakhtunistan stunt supported by Afghan government and were exacerbated by subsequent events like the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the American involvement in the country after September 11, 2001. A large number of refugees fled to Pakistan as a result of these invasions, shaking up the country's politics and economy. India's involvement in Afghan politics has had a major effect on Pakistan's interests in the country and the surrounding region, especially after September 11th, when the United States attempted to offset Chinese influence in the area. India's engagement in Afghanistan and Pakistan's support in the US invasion of Afghanistan are at the root of the current state of bilateral ties. Normalizing bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan may require the involvement of a third party or agreement on confidence-building measures to enhance the welfare of persons living on the other side of the Durand line and encourage amicable interactions between the two countries. Using a qualitative approach, this article investigates the causes and consequences of the current mistrust in bilateral ties, with a particular emphasis on economic and security problems in the wake of 9/11.</span> </p> Sher Bano, Zaffar Abbass Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Wed, 05 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Affecting Voting Behavior: A Case Study of the Consecutive Success of Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf (PTI) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa General Elections <p><span class="fontstyle0">Current paper is an analytical investigation into the elements that led to the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf winning the 2018 general elections in Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This study is significant because the consecutive success of PTI is termed as landmark development in history of KP. Researcher adopted positivism as research philosophy, quantitative methodology as the research paradigm, statistical approach was employed and survey method as research design was used. The study was delimited to the voters of Dera Ismail Khan. The numerical data was tested through appropriate statistical means, after checking the validity and reliability. The results revealed that all the factors had contributed significantly in the consecutive success of PTI. Among these factors (new reforms, political slogans, charismatic leadership, the establishment's role, the youth factor, and anticorruption campaign), new reforms, introduced by the PTI government during 2013-2018 period has contributed more than any other variable. The results showed that almost 88% change can be attributed to these variables. It was concluded that voters of Dera Ismail Khan favored the PTI candidates on basis of the new reforms introduced by them. The study recommended that political parties should work on the reforms in the institutions which has been established for the benefit of people but they are doing opposite. Future researchers can study in other regions of the KP on this particular issue.</span> </p> Sher Bano, Nadir Abbass Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Wed, 05 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Leadership Style on Employees’ Performance: A Case of Private School in Peshawar <p><span class="fontstyle0">The primary objective of the study was to explore the leadership style that best enhances workplace performance among employees, and concurrently, assess the influence of leadership styles such as Transformational and Transactional leadership on employee performance. Effectively managing an organization necessitates adept leadership, with various leadership styles associated with distinct outcomes. This investigation delved into the presence of leadership styles, their correlation with employee performance, and the effects of transformational and transactional leadership on concepts like organizational commitment, organizational behavior, and job satisfaction. The City Schools of Peshawar served as the case study. Initially, a questionnaire was distributed to teaching staff to gauge the impact of independent variables on the dependent variable. In theoretical framework, we placed transformational leadership and transactional leadership as repressors and a employee performance as regressends. The sample size comprised 140 respondents, with 104 questionnaires selected using the "Yamani" formula. Primary data was collected through a structured 5-point Likert scale questionnaire. Analysis, conducted using SPSS, involved correlation matrix, multicollinearity (VIF) analysis, heteroscedasticity analysis, and regression. The findings affirmed a positive impact of the tested leadership styles on employee performance. The research concluded by recommending that managers emphasize the use of transformational leadership to cultivate higher levels of organizational commitment, organizational behavior, and job satisfaction.</span> </p> Attique Ur Rehman, Farid Ullah, Irfan Farooq Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Wed, 05 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Despotic Leadership and Employee Behavioral Outcomes: Unveiling the Relationship through the Mediation of Psychological Distress <p> <span class="fontstyle0">Leadership, behavioral outcomes, and employee behavior. The mediating role of psychological distress in the relationship between despotic leadership and employee behavioral outcomes was investigated by analyzing data from 380 employees in the banking sector using regression analysis and correlation studies. The findings indicate that despotic leadership is significantly positively correlated with both turnover intention and psychological distress. Conversely, employee deviant behavior was negatively correlated with both despotic leadership and psychological distress. The results of the current study disclosed that psychological distress serves as a mediator in the relationship between despotic leadership and employee behavioral outcomes. In conclusion, this investigation underscores the detrimental effects of despotic leadership on the overall performance of organizations and the well-being of employees. It emphasizes the importance of fostering leadership styles that are empowering and beneficial in the workplace. However, the investigation acknowledges the limitations of its numerical methodology and suggests additional research directions.</span> </p> Muhammad Zaffar Iqbal, Muhammad Inam Khan, Asim Nawaz Awan Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Wed, 05 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Punjab Public School Support Ptogram in Enhancement of Tecahers’ Competencies <p>The Enhancement of Teachers competencies in PEIMA-financially supported PSSP schools in the Mianwali area was the main focus of the current study. Survey constructed as intended and quantitative methodology used. The study's goals were to investigate any shortcomings in PSSP schools receiving assistance from PEIMA and to monitor the improvement of Teachers competencies in these schools. The study's population consisted of all the male and female primary schools in the district of Mianwali that were founded in the public sector and funded by the Punjab Education Initiative Management Authority under the PSSP mode. Seven hypotheses and five research questions were developed. 110 instructors and 33 principals made up the study's sample. The tool was a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire created by the researcher. Test of Validity &amp; Reliability and Pilot testing were done before administering the instrument. This study can help the concerned authorities and implementing partners to consider study findings for recruitment &amp; selection, training &amp; development, performance appraisal, succession planning &amp; infrastructure facilities, and academic achievement of the student and teacher's competencies.</p> Shahid Iqbal Khan, Dr. Asif Jamil Copyright (c) 2024 Open Access Organization and Management Review Wed, 05 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000